PHP面向新濠天地继承用法详解(新濠天地与减少app重复)_新濠天地网 PHP面向新濠天地继承用法详解(新濠天地与减少app重复)_新濠天地网

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PHP面向新濠天地继承用法详解(新濠天地与减少app重复)

2年以前  |  官网数:1037 次  |    

本文实例讲述了PHP面向新濠天地继承用法。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:

继承

先看两个类


<?php
class CdProduct {
public $playLength; // 播放时间
public $title;
public $producerMainName;
public $producerFirstName;
public $price;
function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price,
$playLength ) {
$this->title = $title;
$this->producerFirstName = $firstName;
$this->producerMainName = $mainName;
$this->price = $price;
$this->playLength = $playLength;
}
function getPlayLength() {
return $this->playLength;
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = "{$this->title} ( {$this->producerMainName}, ";
$base .= "{$this->producerFirstName} )";
$base .= ": playing time - {$this->playLength}";
return $base;
}
function getProducer() {
return "{$this->producerFirstName}".
" {$this->producerMainName}";
}
}
class BookProduct {
public $numPages; // 看的页数
public $title;
public $producerMainName;
public $producerFirstName;
public $price;
function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price,
$numPages ) {
$this->title = $title;
$this->producerFirstName = $firstName;
$this->producerMainName = $mainName;
$this->price = $price;
$this->numPages = $numPages;
}
function getNumberOfPages() {
return $this->numPages;
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = "{$this->title} ( {$this->producerMainName}, ";
$base .= "{$this->producerFirstName} )";
$base .= ": page count - {$this->numPages}";
return $base;
}
function getProducer() {
return "{$this->producerFirstName}".
" {$this->producerMainName}";
}
}
$product1 = new CdProduct("cd1", "bob", "bobbleson", 4, 50 );
print $product1->getSummaryLine();
print "\n";
$product2 = new BookProduct("book1", "harry", "harrelson", 4, 30 );
print $product2->getSummaryLine();
print "\n";
?>

输出:

cd1 ( bobbleson, bob ): playing time - 50
book1 ( harrelson, harry ): page count - 30

点评:这两个类,app重复性太高,有相同性,也有差异性。不如用继承来简化处理。

采用继承来处理


<?php
class ShopProduct {
public $numPages;
public $playLength;
public $title;
public $producerMainName;
public $producerFirstName;
public $price;
function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price,
$numPages=0, $playLength=0 ) {
$this->title = $title;
$this->producerFirstName = $firstName;
$this->producerMainName = $mainName;
$this->price = $price;
$this->numPages = $numPages;
$this->playLength = $playLength;
}
function getProducer() {
return "{$this->producerFirstName}".
" {$this->producerMainName}";
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = "$this->title ( {$this->producerMainName}, ";
$base .= "{$this->producerFirstName} )";
return $base;
}
}
class CdProduct extends ShopProduct {
function getPlayLength() { // 增加属于自己的方法
return $this->playLength;
}
function getSummaryLine() { // 改造了父类的方法
$base = "{$this->title} ( {$this->producerMainName}, ";
$base .= "{$this->producerFirstName} )";
$base .= ": playing time - {$this->playLength}";
return $base;
}
}
class BookProduct extends ShopProduct {
function getNumberOfPages() {
return $this->numPages;
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = "{$this->title} ( {$this->producerMainName}, ";
$base .= "{$this->producerFirstName} )";
$base .= ": page count - {$this->numPages}";
return $base;
}
}
$product1 = new CdProduct("cd1", "bob", "bobbleson", 4, null, 50 );
print $product1->getSummaryLine();
print "\n";
$product2 = new BookProduct("book1", "harry", "harrelson", 4, 30 );
print $product2->getSummaryLine();
print "\n";
?>

输出:

cd1 ( bobbleson, bob ): playing time - 50
book1 ( harrelson, harry ): page count - 30

点评:继承处理很好的解决了差异性,相通性问题。

进一步新濠天地处理


<?php
class ShopProduct {
// 抽离出共有属性
public $title;
public $producerMainName;
public $producerFirstName;
public $price;
function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price ) {
$this->title = $title;
$this->producerFirstName = $firstName;
$this->producerMainName = $mainName;
$this->price = $price;
}
function getProducer() {
return "{$this->producerFirstName}".
" {$this->producerMainName}";
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = "{$this->title} ( {$this->producerMainName}, ";
$base .= "{$this->producerFirstName} )";
return $base;
}
}
class CdProduct extends ShopProduct {
// 抽离出属于自己特有的属性
public $playLength;
function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price, $playLength ) {
parent::__construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price ); // 继承父类的构造新濠天地
$this->playLength = $playLength; // 处理自己专有的属性
}
function getPlayLength() {
return $this->playLength;
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = "{$this->title} ( {$this->producerMainName}, ";
$base .= "{$this->producerFirstName} )";
$base .= ": playing time - {$this->playLength}";
return $base;
}
}
class BookProduct extends ShopProduct {
public $numPages;
function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price, $numPages ) {
parent::__construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price );
$this->numPages = $numPages;
}
function getNumberOfPages() {
return $this->numPages;
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = "$this->title ( $this->producerMainName, ";
$base .= "$this->producerFirstName )";
$base .= ": page count - $this->numPages";
return $base;
}
}
$product1 = new CdProduct("cd1", "bob", "bobbleson", 4, 50 );
print $product1->getSummaryLine();
print "\n";
$product2 = new BookProduct("book1", "harry", "harrelson", 4, 30 );
print $product2->getSummaryLine();
print "\n";
?>

输出:

cd1 ( bobbleson, bob ): playing time - 50
book1 ( harrelson, harry ): page count - 30

点评:这里把共有属性在父类中,其他个性属性放在自己的类中处理。并设置自己的构造方法,继承父类的构造方法。

进一步继承父类的方法


<?php
class ShopProduct {
public $title;
public $producerMainName;
public $producerFirstName;
public $price;
function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price ) {
$this->title = $title;
$this->producerFirstName = $firstName;
$this->producerMainName = $mainName;
$this->price = $price;
}
function getProducer() {
return "{$this->producerFirstName}".
" {$this->producerMainName}";
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = "{$this->title} ( {$this->producerMainName}, ";
$base .= "{$this->producerFirstName} )";
return $base;
}
}
class CdProduct extends ShopProduct {
public $playLength;
function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price, $playLength ) {
parent::__construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price );
$this->playLength = $playLength;
}
function getPlayLength() {
return $this->playLength;
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = parent::getSummaryLine();
$base .= ": playing time - {$this->playLength}";
return $base;
}
}
class BookProduct extends ShopProduct {
public $numPages;
function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price, $numPages ) {
parent::__construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price );
$this->numPages = $numPages;
}
function getNumberOfPages() {
return $this->numPages;
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = parent::getSummaryLine();
$base .= ": page count - {$this->numPages}";
return $base;
}
}
$product1 = new CdProduct("cd1", "bob", "bobbleson", 4, 50 );
print $product1->getSummaryLine();
print "\n";
$product2 = new BookProduct("book1", "harry", "harrelson", 4, 30 );
print $product2->getSummaryLine();
print "\n";
?>

输出:

cd1 ( bobbleson, bob ): playing time - 50
book1 ( harrelson, harry ): page count - 30

点评:同样的结果,可以新濠天地新濠天地再新濠天地。这里继承父类的方法。parent::getSummaryLine()。不过这个用的比较少。

继续添加一些有意思的app


<?php
class ShopProduct {
private $title;
private $discount = 0;
private $producerMainName;
private $producerFirstName;
protected $price;
function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price ) {
$this->title = $title;
$this->producerFirstName = $firstName;
$this->producerMainName = $mainName;
$this->price = $price;
}
function setDiscount( $num ) {
$this->discount=$num;
}
function getPrice() {
return ($this->price - $this->discount);
}
function getProducer() {
return "{$this->producerFirstName}".
" {$this->producerMainName}";
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = "{$this->title} ( {$this->producerMainName}, ";
$base .= "{$this->producerFirstName} )";
return $base;
}
}
class CdProduct extends ShopProduct {
public $playLength;
function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price, $playLength ) {
parent::__construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price );
$this->playLength = $playLength;
}
function getPlayLength() {
return $this->playLength;
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = parent::getSummaryLine();
$base .= ": playing time - {$this->playLength}";
return $base;
}
}
class BookProduct extends ShopProduct {
public $numPages;
function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price, $numPages ) {
parent::__construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price );
$this->numPages = $numPages;
}
function getPrice() {
return $this->price;
}
function getNumberOfPages() {
return $this->numPages;
}
function getSummaryLine() {
$base = parent::getSummaryLine();
$base .= ": page count - {$this->numPages}";
return $base;
}
}
$product1 = new CdProduct("cd1", "bob", "bobbleson", 4, 50 );
$product1->setDiscount( 3 );
print $product1->getSummaryLine();
print "\n";
print "price: {$product1->getPrice()}\n";
$product2 = new BookProduct("book1", "harry", "harrelson", 4, 30 );
$product2->setDiscount( 3 ); // 折扣对book无效
print $product2->getSummaryLine();
print "\n";
print "price: {$product2->getPrice()}\n";
?>

输出:

cd1 ( bobbleson, bob ): playing time - 50
price: 1
book1 ( harrelson, harry ): page count - 30
price: 4

点评:父类添加了折扣,book继承之后,修改了getPrice方法,所以折扣对book无效。

私有化属性,通过方法来设置与获取


<?php
class ShopProduct {
// 私有化属性,通过方法来设置与获取
private $title;
private $producerMainName;
private $producerFirstName;
protected $price;
private $discount = 0;
public function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price ) {
$this->title = $title;
$this->producerFirstName = $firstName;
$this->producerMainName = $mainName;
$this->price = $price;
}
public function getProducerFirstName() {
return $this->producerFirstName;
}
public function getProducerMainName() {
return $this->producerMainName;
}
public function setDiscount( $num ) {
$this->discount=$num;
}
public function getDiscount() {
return $this->discount;
}
public function getTitle() {
return $this->title;
}
public function getPrice() {
return ($this->price - $this->discount);
}
public function getProducer() {
return "{$this->producerFirstName}".
" {$this->producerMainName}";
}
public function getSummaryLine() {
$base = "{$this->title} ( {$this->producerMainName}, ";
$base .= "{$this->producerFirstName} )";
return $base;
}
}
class CdProduct extends ShopProduct {
private $playLength = 0;
public function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price, $playLength ) {
parent::__construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price );
$this->playLength = $playLength;
}
public function getPlayLength() {
return $this->playLength;
}
public function getSummaryLine() {
$base = parent::getSummaryLine();
$base .= ": playing time - {$this->playLength}";
return $base;
}
}
class BookProduct extends ShopProduct {
private $numPages = 0;
public function __construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price, $numPages ) {
parent::__construct( $title, $firstName,
$mainName, $price );
$this->numPages = $numPages;
}
public function getNumberOfPages() {
return $this->numPages;
}
public function getSummaryLine() {
$base = parent::getSummaryLine();
$base .= ": page count - {$this->numPages}";
return $base;
}
public function getPrice() {
return $this->price;
}
}
$product1 = new CdProduct("cd1", "bob", "bobbleson", 4, 50 );
print $product1->getSummaryLine()."\n";
$product2 = new BookProduct("book1", "harry", "harrelson", 4, 30 );
print $product2->getSummaryLine()."\n";
?>

输出:

cd1 ( bobbleson, bob ): playing time - 50
book1 ( harrelson, harry ): page count - 30

点评:这里进一步私有化了属性,要想获取只能通过方法。这样就确保了安全性。

更多关于PHP相关app感兴趣的读者可查看本站专题:《php面向新濠天地程序设计入门教程》、《PHP基本语法入门教程》、《PHP运算与运算符用法总结》、《PHP网络编程技巧总结》、《PHP数组(Array)操作技巧大全》、《php字符串(string)用法总结》、《php+mysql数据库操作入门教程》及《php常见数据库操作技巧汇总

希望本文所述对大家PHP程序设计有所帮助。

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